Before reading this hotly discussed informationarticle, please click "Follow", which is convenient for you to discuss and share, but also bring you more sense of participation. Thank you for your support [Send your heart]
Text/Guanwen History Theory
Edit/History of Guanwen
The historic background of the European Middle Ages is closely related to the historical background of firearms. For this topic, we need to understand the military, technology and cultural backgrounds of the European periods.
The gunpowder and firearms originated in the East. These technologies were introduced into Europe through Arabic merchants in the 9th century AD.
The historical background of the European Middle Ages
Initially, gunpowder was mainly used in fireworks and celebrations, but soon people discovered their potential military use. The manufacturing methods of gunpowder were kept secret and quickly spread to all parts of Europe.
The development of gunpowder is closely related to the form of war in the medieval Europe. During this period, the knight spirit and the reinstallation of the armored tactics prevailed, and the castle and the city walls constitute the main defense system.
These traditional defense systems become fragile when facing gunpowder weapons. The gunpowder cannonball can destroy the city walls and lose the effect of the castle's defense force, which triggers the demand for more effective firearms.
In the 14th century, the use of firearms began to popularize among the European army. The earliest firearms were rockets and handheld muskets. The use was mainly concentrated in war and siege warfare.
These early firearms are often not reliable, and the filling and ignition process are very complicated. However, over time, the design and manufacturing of the firearms have gradually improved.
The advancement of firearms is inseparable from the efforts of craftsmen and militaryists. They test different design, improve gunpowder formula, and study more effective launch mechanisms.
In the 15th century, artillery became one of the most important weapons in the army. These artillery was usually made of cast iron, and its design and manufacturing became more fine.
The power and range of artillery have been significantly improved, making it a key tool for siege and defense. Many castles and cities choose to surrender when facing artillery attacks because they cannot resist the destructive power of this new type of weapon.
Function and design of gunpowder boxes
The gunpowder box is a device for storing and carrying gunpowder. Its functions and design are different in different historical periods and culture.
The main function is to store and protect gunpowder safely. Grenatt is a flammable and explosive substance, so it must be properly preserved to avoid accidents.
Boxes are usually made of metal or wood, which has a solid structure and sealing design to ensure that gunpowder is not affected by humidity, friction or other external factors.
Design characteristics depend on its use environment and use. During the war, gunpowder boxes are usually designed as small boxes that are convenient for soldiers.
These boxes often have a compact size and mechanism that easy to open and close, so that soldiers can quickly obtain the required gunpowder, and use it when needed. The gunpowder box may also be equipped with a handle or latch that is easy to carry to facilitate soldiers to hang up.On your body or fixed on the belt.
In the civilian field, the design of gunpowder boxes pays more attention to beauty and practicality. Pagoders usually use gunpowder boxes to store and carry gunpowder and ammunition.
These gunpowder boxes may be made of carefully carved wood or exquisite metal to show the owner's identity and taste. The internal parts of the gunpowder box are usually separated or pads to separate different types of gunpowder of different types of or specifications to facilitate facilitationChoose and remove during use.
The design of the gunpowder box may also be affected by culture and the times. During some historical periods, gunpowder boxes may be regarded as a luxury or artwork, and the exquisite gunpowder box may be used as gifts or collections.
The appearance of these gunpowder boxes is usually decorated with exquisite carvings, inlaid or painting, showing the artistic style and crafts level at the time.
Some gunpowder boxes also have additional safety functions, and some gunpowder boxes designed a special seal mechanism to prevent the leakage of gunpowder or illegally obtained by others.
There are also some gunpowder boxes that may be equipped with locks and keys to restrict the access of gunpowder to ensure that only the authorizer
Types and examples of the European Middle Ages
In the medieval Europe, muskets are a revolutionary weapon. It plays an important role in the war. There are various types and examples of muskets. The following will introduce several common types of musket types and their characteristics.
Iron tube muskets are typical representatives of early muskets. It consists of an iron gunpowder and a mussel tube, usually holding a single weapon.
The design of iron tube muskets is relatively simple and the manufacturing cost is low. However, due to the limitation of manufacturing technology, its range and accuracy are limited. For example, Avanti's musket is a kind of iron tube musket.
Long gun is a musket with long barrels. Its design purpose is to increase range and lethal. Long guns are usually used by infantry and can be effective at long distances.
In the late Middle Ages, long guns played an important role in the European War, and the Costa Rica long gun in Sweden was a typical example.
The shotgun is a musket with a bullet launch function. It uses a bomb as an ammunition, which can cause extensive damage at a short distance.
It is usually used for close combat and hunting. Although the shotgun is developed late, it was widely used in the later period. France's Charlesfrace puppet shotgun was a famous example.
The carbide is a musket designed for the cavalry. It usually has a long barrel and special brackets, which can be easily used during horse riding.
Considering the special needs of cavalry in battles, the design can not only shoot, and can be used as melee weapons. The British Hakberstedona is a typical example of a horseman.
The manufacturing and use of gunpowder and firearms
Trust and firearms were important weapons of medieval Europe. Their manufacturing and use technology played a key role at the time. The following will explore the manufacturing and use technology of gunpowder and firearms.
Manufacturing technology is the basis for the development of firearms. The gunpowder consists of three raw materials: nitrogen, carbon and sulfur. It is made by mixing and heating. During the manufacturing process, the proportion and mixed method of accurately control the raw materials need to be accurately controlled.
Nitrogen is the main ingredient of gunpowder. Its purity process is very important. First of all, the nitrated gratitude needs to be removed from the steps such as dissolving, filtering and crystallization to remove impurities.
Next, mix pure nitrate gratitude with finely grinded charcoal and sulfur, and ensure uniform mixing by repeated stirring and grinding. Finally, the mixed gunpowder is suppressed into pieces or granular to store and use.
The manufacturing technology of firearms has been continuously improved in medieval Europe. First of all, the main component of the firearm is the musket and ignition mechanism. The musket pipe is usually made of metal materials such as iron or copper.
During the manufacturing process, the metal was heated and forged the required shape, and then polished and trimmed to obtain a smooth inner cavity and the outer surface. The ignition mechanism of the firearm was different according to different types of firearms.
The manufacturing of firearms involves a variety of processes, including casting, forging, engraving and assembly. Casting technology is used to make metal parts of artillery and musket.
By injecting the melted metal into the mold and cooled, the required shape and size can be obtained, and forging technology is used to make metal parts such as gun pipes.
Also heating and forging metal materials can make it strong and durable. During the manufacturing process, you can also carve and decorate the firearm to show the owner's identity and taste.
The use of firearms is also an important aspect of the development of firearms. The key to the use of firearms is ignition and aiming. The ignition requires accurately operating the ignition mechanism to ensure that the gunpowder can be burned correctly.
The historical impact of European medium -century gunpowder box and musket
The European Middle Ages had a profound historical impact on the society at that time. Their appearance and widely used in military, technology, and social levels brought important changes.
The emergence of the gunpowder box provides a effective way to store and carry gunpowder. Their design and manufacturing enable the gunpowder to store safely and easily remove it when needed.Extend the time of combat and improve the efficiency of combat.
The emergence of muskets completely changed the pattern of war. Their range and lethality exceeded the traditional bow and arrows and long guns, making the defense system and tactics greatly changes. The defense effect of the castle and the city walls greatly reduced because the musket can easily destroy them.
This forced the defense to adopt new defense strategies, such as the construction of the fortress and the construction of the fortifications.
The popularity of muskets has also had an important impact on military organizations and tactics. In the medieval European war, the musket gradually replaced the traditional bow, arrows and long guns, and became the main infantry weapon.
This has changed the comparison of power in war, making the role of infantry more important. The power and range of the musket make the cavalry's charge no longer as effective as before, so the status and role of the cavalry have also changed.
The development of musket technology has also led to the changes in military organization and tacticals. The musket requires more training and special skills to use and maintain. This has prompted the army to organize and train reforms.They master skills such as targeting, shooting and collaborative combat.
This has changed the organizational structure of the army, and the introduction of special firearms, the emergence of gunpowder boxes and muskets has also had a profound impact on society. Their use has promoted the development of technology and craftsmanship, and promoted metal processing, gunpowder manufacturingThe prosperity of industries such as firearms.
At the same time, the development of gunpowder and firearms has also accelerated the concentration of military forces and the formation of national centralization.
The collection and research of gunpowder boxes and muskets
As an important historical relics in medieval Europe, gunpowder boxes and muskets have attracted much attention in the collection and academic research. They have unique historical value and cultural significance, and are of great significance to understanding medieval military technology and social development.
Collecting gunpowder boxes and muskets are a way to protect and inherit history and culture. These ancient items carried the wisdom and creativity of people in the Middle Ages, and also witnessed the military evolution and technological progress of society at that time.
By collecting and studying gunpowder boxes and muskets, people can better understand the medieval war and weapon culture, as well as related social backgrounds and historical events.
In the collection and research of gunpowder boxes, people pay attention to its appearance, material and manufacturing technology, and the shape and decoration of the gunpowder box often reflect the artistic style and technical level at the time.
Some gunpowder boxes have exquisite carving or inlaid technology, showing the skills and aesthetic pursuit of craftsmen at that time. At the same time, the materials used in the gunpowder box are also the focus of research. Different materials of gunpowder box may reflect the manufacturing technology and regional manufacturing technology and region.Resources.
The collection and research of muskets involve their design, manufacturing and use. There are various types and styles of the muskets. Each musket has unique characteristics and historical background.
By studying the design and manufacturing technology of muskets, we can understand the development trajectory and process of European firearms manufacturing in the medieval century. At the same time, studying the method of use of muskets and tactical strategies can reveal the changes in the form of war and combat at that time.
Collection of gunpowder boxes and muskets require professional knowledge and skills. Appreciation artists and collectors need to understand the historical background and related literature of gunpowder boxes and muskets to identify authenticity and value.
版权声明：如非注明，此文章为本站原创文章，转载请注明： 转载自Express information website