Author ｜ Lengyan Author Team-Parasite Crab
Words: 3216, reading time: about 9 minutes
Editor's note: Since modern times, with the advancement of the firearms, the penetrating power of the bullet has increased sharply, and the defense force of single soldiers' armor is not enough to directly fight the bullet strikes.The tactics and lower and flexible single soldiers are used to reduce the probability of being hit by the bullet.However, after the outbreak of the First World War, the situation was unexpected by everyone.Machine guns, bunkers, 碉, and wire mesh will fight the land war of the First World War. Tens of thousands of soldiers were killed by machine guns or artillery shots. As follows, which country can't stand such a huge soldier loss.Therefore, related weapons research will start soon. However, after the unremitting efforts of the strong technicians, the solutions have selected the "old -fashioned weapon" of resurrected armor.
▲ In 1880, Need Kelly fought with the police with A. However, this armor weighed too much, real
In fact, to talk about the armor during World War I, I have to turn their attention to Australia in 1880.This year, Australia's famous illegal disciple, Germany Kelly (the reason why it is called "illegal" is because this person does have a criminal act, but the last confrontation is caused by it, so he is not simply a gangster)After more than 100 minutes of confrontation with the police hunted in the woods, Nide Kelly was wearing a heavy armor weighing 90 pounds (100 pounds) to protect his head and torso.Protection.
The armor in the close -up fire was effectively defended by the bullet. Finally, the police hit his leg to capture it.However, it was found that although this kind of armor can resist the crackdown of bullets, the impact of the projectile will also be severely shocked by human body. After the bomb in the limbs, it makes it difficult for Nide Kelly to move because the weight of the armor is too large.excessive.This shows that this kind of armor is not completely effective, but it proves that one person who is more than a person who does not hold the armor is obviously advantageous when fighting the bullet strike.
▲ After the end of the World War I, the German Army helmet, a large number of effective proof of the helmet with the helmet
However, before World War I, the development of the armor is still for the purpose of directly hitting the shells of protective guns. This inevitably falls into the original dead end.It's easier to be set fire.This situation changed until later people understood the truth.
The killing of soldiers in the modern battlefield is not exactly caused by the bullets directly. The killing of various bombs is also amazing. Therefore, as long as it provides a little protection, especially if it can defend the killing of the film, the soldiers' war loss rate will decrease significantly.The distribution of the helmet has long proved this.Although the helmet only protects the top of the head, it effectively prevents the shot from killing the soldiers.
▲ The earliest "body shield" in the UK
▲ The British army developed like a armor -like intermediate armor
▲ The British Diffel's Armor Armor, weighs 16 pounds. The photo is a American soldier with this armor.
The British took the lead in acting.In 1914, the British Army developed a protective armor called the "body shield". The structure and appearance were a bit like a modern bulletproof coat, which is a croak -in canvas bag with steel plates in the bag.Britain does not produce such equipment in large quantities. It is too much heavier than the effective protection area.
However, at this time, the British formed a new classification of the armor armor: rigid hard armor, which is the structure of "body shield" mentioned above; intermediate armor, using canvas lining, small metal pieces with outside, similarThe armor we are familiar with; the last one is soft armor, and it is also lined with canvas, but it is not a steel plate or steel sheet, but a plate made of cotton, paper, multi -layer linen, etc., barely a little protective.
However, according to statistics, all the various types of armored armor produced by the British army can only be equipped with 2%of the British army. Considering the huge losses of the personnel and single soldiers during the World War I, the number of equipment and no equipment is no different.
▲ In 1914, the soldiers of Lyon Cavalry Camp in Lyon, France, simply charged the old -fashioned armor.
▲ Some Georgian soldiers simply put on traditional armor
▲ During the World War I, Germany used additional protective helmets
▲ The German Army Standard Armor Armor, including lobster armor and steel helmet
▲ In 1918, a German sentinel in a tadpole armor
▲ Germany has also developed a armor -style armor armor
Relatively results are Germans.The Germans with a bulletproof coat have reached 1916, but relatively successful.The German trenches are used in the form of lobster armor, which mainly protects the front. The chest armor is an overall steel plate that extends to the back shoulder, but does not protect the back.Live your waist, abdomen and crotch.
There are no internal lining in the armor, there are two types, one weighs 18 pounds (20 pounds), and the other is 22 catties (24 pounds). The armor is used with a helmet.Although the weight of this armor is not small, it can be accepted at least, so the Germans produced a total of 500,000 sets to send them to the Western Front.
▲ For soldiers fighting in the puppets, the A Armor has a good protective effect on them.
▲ After the end of the World War I, the cooperation contract seized a large number of German armor armor
In fact, in terms of weight, about 20 pounds are acceptable for infantry relying on 堑, especially sentrys, machine gunmen, etc., but for infantry troops that need to be continuously mobilized, such as the famous "Storm Commando", such as the famous "Storm Assault Team", it is a famous "Storm Commando".The weight is still too large. In 1918, the German assault forces once attacked A, but the casualties were heavy, which also showed this.Pushing the role.
And the protection of the armor of the armor for the bullet is still at a long distance, so it is said that the main protection of the broken film and the bomb was killed.According to post -war US investigations, this kind of equipment is effective, but because it will affect the volume of ammunition and the mobility of infantry, the American evaluation is not high.After the end of the First World War, the Xie Covenials seized a large number of German armor armor, but it was only used as a warrior, and it was not used in the national army.
▲ Brusta 布 armor in the United States, this stuff is obviously not practical
▲ However, in terms of protection, the Brusta 壕 armor in the United States is still good,
▲ U.S. soldiers are developed by the 堑 armor developed by Philadelphia Heier and Kilborn
▲ No. 5 helmet developed by Heier and Kilbern Company
▲ In 1918, Heil and Kilburn Company was mass production of 堑 壕 armor
However, the study of the United States for German armor armor only shows that Germany's armor performance is not good, and it is not to say that the United States believes that the 堑 armor itself is not worth studying.After the United States participated in the war in 1917, Dr. Guy Otis Brewster, a US engineer, developed the Bruster's armor armor. The overall appearance was full of steam punk style. Because of the use of folding steel plates, the rate of bullet -jumping rate was greatIncrease, effectively protect the 7.92 mm bullet at close range.It is said that Dr. Brust was very confident in his armor and personally conducted a bulletproof test with A.
Even so, the Bruster armor with a total weight of 36 catties (40 pounds) will not be adopted by the U.S. military.After that, the United States began to try to produce light armor armor. For example, the files of Philadelphia Heier and Kilburn recorded the company from the summer of 1918, which started to mass -produce the armor armor. It was a bit like a German style.This kind of armor has produced a lot, but this armor was delivered to the U.S. military because of the end of the First World War.
▲ A German armor seized by a U.S. soldier
▲ After the war, the United States also developed some light types of armor
▲ Light 堑 armor designed by Hamilton de Farest in New York
▲ The US military test seized or a variety of cricket armor obtained through other channels looks like bulletproof
Although the United States does not use a large -scale use of 规 armor, the United States has conducted a detailed assessment of the effectiveness of 堑 armor.In 1918, Colonel Valter D. McCar announced a survey results that showed the proportion of the cause of the cause of soldiers on the battlefield. The results were as follows:
Breakthrough film: 50.66%
Rifle or machine gun bullet: 34.05%
Aviation Bomb: 10%
Land Thunder explosion: 15%
Other situations: 14.00%
The American Bashford Dean recorded the teams for various tests and investigations in the book "Honor and Bullet Institute" published by Bashford Dean in 1920.conclusion as below:
1. The steel helmet is proven to be effective, and it has gradually become the military system equipment of various countries;
2. Generally speaking, wearing a helmet and holding A significant effect on reducing the damage rate of soldiers;
3. Although the armor armor can provide protection, due to the small number, at the same time, due to other factors, the risk of soldiers would rather be injured.
4. The armor is valuable, but it needs to improve the materials and design to improve the comfort of wearing.
At this point, the development of the standard armor armor is temporarily coming to an end.After the outbreak of World War II, the development of similar weapons once again became the national style of the country. Until the post -war and the birth and application of modern bullets, it was another story.
1. "Helmets and Body Armor in Modern Warfare" by Bashford Dean (Yale University Press 1920),
2. Sheldon D. World War 1 Body Armor: 1914-1918
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